The imperative

Learning Objectives 

  • Understand the difference between moods and tenses
  • Learn how to use the imperative with all 3 persons
  • Be able to use the imperative with pronominal verbs and object pronouns
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Key Words & Phrases


moods and tenses

the imperative

the imperative

Lawless French: moods and tenses

BBC Bitesize: What is the imperative

Lingolia: The imperative

Grammar Collins Dictionary: The imperative


Lingoni: Imperative

Learn French with Pascal: the imperative 

French lessons: the imperative 

Atelier du français: the imperative


BBC Bitesize: Negative imperatives

Lawless French: Imperatives

Learn French with Elsa: the imperative and direct pronouns

Learn French with Elsa: the imperative and indirect pronouns

Learn French with Elsa: the imperative with double pronouns

Learn French with Elsa: the imperative with “en” and “y”

Learn French with Elsa: the imperative with the negation


Lingolia: practice the imperative

Tex’s French grammar: practice the imperative

Conjuguemos: practice the imperative

Conjuguemos: practice the imperative

Français Facile: a recipe in the imperative

Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below. 

  • Your pen pal Antoine found a cookie recipe online but is struggling to understand it. He asked you if you could translate it into French for him. Remember that metropolitan French people use degrees Celsius for temperature and grams for weight.   
  • You do not have to translate the ingredients list if you do not wish to. Focus on the preparation and use the imperative!

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below. 

Partner Speaking Exercise:

  • Your French-speaking partner and yourself are going to play a French game… around the use of imperatives!

The game is called “Jacques a dit”. The concept is the same as the English “Simon says”: do what Jacques said, but don’t do it if the command is not preceded by “Jacques a dit”. Try to give orders using the three different persons.

  • You don’t have to play if you don’t want to, but you can still give orders to each other!

Examples: Touchons notre nez ! Regarde-moi ! Dessinez un mouton !

Independent Speaking Exercise:

  • Imagine someone has taken the following items from you. Make two sentences in the imperative to ask each of those things back:

1)  with the informal person “tu”, using the noun for the object

2) with the formal/plural “vous”, using an object pronoun

You can use the verb “donne” (to give) or “rendre” (to give back).

Example: des clés de voiture => Rends-moi mes clés de voiture ! Rends-les moi !

  • Une gomme 
  • Des livres
  • Un vélo

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module

Lesson Content
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