B1 - Intermediate
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Making complex sentences

Making complex sentences

Learning Objectives 

  • Learn how to use the relative pronouns “qui”, “que”, “dont” and “où”
  • Be able to create and understand complex sentences with two clauses
  • Learn how to use “c’est” and “ce sont”

Note: this lesson focuses on the relative pronouns “qui, “que”, “dont” and “où”. You will learn about other relative pronouns in the following lesson.

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Key Words & Phrases

Learn

“qui” and “que”

“dont”

“qui”, “que”, “dont” and “où”

“qui” or “que”

BBC Bitesize: “qui”, “que”, “dont”

Lingolia: relative pronouns

Kwiziq: “c’est” ou “ce sont”

Watch

Learn French with Frencheezi: “qui” or “que”

Love Learning Languages:  “qui”, “que”, “dont” and “où”

Learn French with FrenchPod101: “dont”

Parapluie French: “dont” and “où”

Cours français facile: “c’est” ou “ce sont”

Read

Talk in French: relative pronouns

S-cool: “qui”, “que”, and “dont”

ThoughtCo: relative pronouns

Practice

Learn French with Alexa: practice “qui” and “que”

BBC Bitesize: practice relative pronouns “qui”, “que”, “dont”

To learn French: practice “qui”, “que”, “dont” and “où”

To learn French: practice “c’est” or “ce sont”

Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below. 

  • Practice writing complex sentences by merging the two sentences on each line into a single sentence, as per the examples below.

Examples: Je me promène au parc. Le parc ferme à 17h l’hiver.

“Au parc” is a place; the relative pronoun for places is “où”

=> Le parc où je me promène ferme à 17h l’hiver.

Je prépare un plat pour le dîner. Le plat est français et s’appelle “tartiflette”.

“Un plat pour le dîner” comes directly after the verb “préparer”, it is a direct object. The relative pronoun for direct objects is “que”.

=> Le plat que je prépare pour le dîner est français et s’appelle “tartiflette”.

  • J’ai vu un film hier. Le film était décevant.
  • Le professeur nous a parlé d’un livre. Le livre n’est pas disponible dans ma librairie.
  • Nous avons rencontré un vieil homme. Le vieil homme parle français couramment.
  • Nos parents ont caché la PlayStation dans un placard. Le placard est fermé à clé.
  • La dame vend des fruits et des légumes. La dame vend aussi des fleurs.

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below. 

Partner Speaking Exercise:

  • Make them guess who! Choose a famous person or character. You are allowed five sentences to make your partner guess who the famous person or character is. The catch? You need to use a relative pronoun in each of the five sentences.
  • Once your turn is done, it’s your partner’s turn to make you guess who they are thinking about, in five sentences, and still using relative pronouns.
    • Example: C’est un homme qui joue dans des films d’action.

Independent Speaking Exercise:

  • Using “c’est” or “ce sont” and relative pronouns, make at least five sentences to describe objects, places, people and/or animals. It can be about things around you, or generalities.
    • Examples: C’est la ville où j’habite.

      C’est le Père Noël qui apporte les cadeaux à Noël.

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module

Lesson Content
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