Past participle agreements

Past participle agreements

Learning Objectives 

  • Learn agreements rules with past participles
  • Be able to use object pronouns with the passé composé
  • Be able to use the passé composé in complex structures
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Key Words & Phrases

Je me suis lavé les mains. / Je me les suis lavées.
Il est tombé. / Elle est tombée.
Ils sont partis. / Elles sont parties.

Ton frère ? Non, je ne l’ai pas vu.
Ta cousine ? Oui, je l’ai vue.

Les livres ? Non, je ne les ai pas lus.
Les leçons ? Oui, je les ai apprises.


Past participle agreements with “avoir”

Past participle agreements with “être”

Object pronouns with the passé composé

French linguistics: Past participle agreements

LEAF project: passé composé with negatives and interrogatives


Learn French with Pascal: Past participle agreements with pronominal verbs

FionaCurnow: Passé composé of reflexive verbs and agreements

VCE French: pronouns and negation with the passé composé


Lawless French: past participle agreements with direct objects

Kwiziq: past participle agreements with “avoir” Position of object pronouns with compound tenses


Lingolia: Practice the passé composé

Conjuguemos: Practice the passé composé

To Learn French: Practice the passé composé

Tex’s French Grammar: Direct object pronouns with various tenses

Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below. 

Rewrite the following sentences in the passé composé. Pay particular attention to object pronoun placement and past participle agreements.

  • Ce film ne l’intéresse pas.
  • Je ne pars pas avant 8 heures.
  • Nous buvons une soupe tous les soirs.
  • Vous le croyez ?

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below. 

Partner Speaking Exercise:

  • Each of you makes a statement in the passé composé “Je n’ai jamais/Je ne suis jamais…” or “J’ai déjà/je suis déjà…”.

You get one point if the statement is true for both of you. The aim is to make the highest number of statements that are true for both of you.
Try to use some pronominal verbs and think about the endings of the past participles.

  • Too easy? Have your French-speaking partner ask you about past participle agreements for each sentence you make. You can only score the point if your agreements are correct, otherwise, you get another try!

Example: Je ne me suis jamais baigné(e) dans la Méditerranée. 
J’ai déjà gagné une compétition.

Independent Speaking Exercise:

  • Make five sentences about your daily routine, in the passé composé. Try to make the same sentences using object pronouns – make a mental note of the past participle ending.

Example: Je me suis lavé les mains. Je me les suis lavées.

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module

Lesson Content
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