How to use irregular verbs in the preterit past

How to use irregular verbs in the preterit past

Learning Objectives 

  • Learn how to conjugate ESTAR, HACER & other verbs with unique stems in the preterit. 
  • Conjugate verbs with a ‘j’ change in the stem, like DECIR, TRAER & UCIR verbs.  
  • Learn how to conjugate the irregular verbs VER & DAR in the preterit past.  
  • Conjugate SER & IR in the preterit past and use context to differentiate between them. 
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Key Words & Phrases

  • Irregular conjugation endings
    • e, iste, o, imos, isteis, ieron

  • Estar & other verbs with unique stems 


Preterite/pretérito in Spanish


Maestro Kaplan (irregulars) 

Maestro Kaplan (SER & IR) 

Spanish Pod 101 (10 most common irregulars)

Easy Spanish 

Senor Jordan (song) 


Baselang (groups 1,2 & 4) 

121 Spanish (irregulars)

FluentU (at the beach) 

Your Dictionary (about ANDAR)


Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below.

  • ¿Cómo estuvo el fin de semana? ¿Qué hiciste? 
  • ¿A dónde fuiste la semana pasada? 
  • ¿Qué hiciste ayer? 
  • ¿Viste algo interesante en la televisión recientemente?

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below.

Partner Speaking Exercise:

Now that you are familiar with regular and irregular verbs, have a simple conversation with a partner using the preterit past tense. Talk about what you did yesterday or what you did on the weekend. Alternatively, talk about a recent trip or event (birthday party, anniversary, etc.) and describe what happened that day. Remember to use the appropriate time expressions when necessary.

Independent Speaking Exercise:

Independently, you can practice the verb conjugations for the irregular verbs listed in this lesson by describing what you did yesterday to yourself. Look at the list of verbs to try to use as many irregulars as possible. Then choose another person, a friend or family member, and describe what they did. Remember to use the appropriate time expressions when necessary.

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module.

Lesson Content
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