Preterite past verbs with stem & spelling changes

Preterit verbs with stem & spelling changes

Learning Objectives 

  • Learn how stem-changing verbs function in the preterit and know how to conjugate them. 
  • Conjugate -GAR, -ZAR, and -CAR verbs with spelling changes in the YO form in the preterit.  
  • Conjugate verbs like LEER & OIR with spelling changes in the third person forms in the preterit. 

Key Words & Phrases

Learn

stem changers

pelling changes car, gar, zar

verbs like leer, oir

Spanish Dict (spelling changes) 

Cliff Notes (stem changes)

Watch

Teacher Catalina Spanish Teacher (stem-changers) 

Teacher Catalina Spanish Teacher (spelling changes)

Read

Spanish Dict (all irregulars) 

Study Spanish (stem changers)

Cliff Notes (spelling changes) 

Study Spanish (spelling changes) 

BBC Bite Size (spelling changes)

Practice

Study Spanish (stem changes)

Study Spanish (spelling changes)

Spanish Dict (all irregulars) 

Conjuguemos (spelling changes)

Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below.

  • ¿Anoche dormiste bien…? ¿Cómo durmió tu [insert family member / pet]? 
  • La última vez que saliste a comer con amigos, ¿qué pidieron? 
  • ¿Cuál fue el último libro que leíste? ¿Tu [family member / person] leyó algo también? 
  • ¿Quién pagó la cuenta la última vez que saliste a comer? 
  • ¿En qué año comenzaste a trabajar / ir a la escuela?
  • ¿Qué almorzaste ayer? 
  • ¿Quién sacó la basura la semana pasada? 
  • ¿El viernes pasado a qué hora llegaste de trabajar / estudiar?

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below.

Partner Speaking Exercise:

  • With a partner, practice the preterit past conjugations for verbs with stem and spelling changes.

    Have your partner pick either a stem-changing verb or one with a spelling change at random, and you must make a simple sentence conjugating the verb for each person (saqué la basura, sacaste la basura, sacó la basura, etc.).

    Do at least five stem-changing verbs and five verbs with spelling changes. 

Independent Speaking Exercise:

  • Practice the conjugations for verbs with stem and spelling changes by saying short sentences aloud in the preterit past. Pick at least five stem-changing verbs and five verbs with spelling changes and run through their conjugations (saqué la basura, sacaste la basura, sacó la basura, etc.). Try to pick verbs you would find the most useful in your day-to-day routine.

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module.

Lesson Content
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