Ser vs Estar

Ser vs Estar

Learning Objectives 

  • Know when to use SER and ESTAR with confidence.
  • Use adjectives to describe people, places & things. 
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Key Words & Phrases


Gran / grande Divertido(a) Caro(a)
Pequeno(a) Amistoso(a) Barato(a)
Buen / bueno(a) Nuevo(a) Seguro (a)
Mal / malo(a) Viejo(a) Listo(a)
Bonito(a) Frío(a)
Hermoso(a) Caliente
Moderno(a) Caro(a)
  • Qué bonita eres / estás.
  • El té es / está frío.
  • El pollo es / está barato.
  • La casa es / está grande.
  • El café es / está bueno.


Ser vs Estar


Baselang (ser vs. estar)

Spanish Tutoring (adjectives)




Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below.

  • Describe tu casa y / o tu lugar de trabajo. (Describe your house or your place of work) 
  • Describe a un(a) amigo(a). 
  • Describe el café o té en un restaurante.

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below.

Partner Speaking Exercise:

  • Practice adjectives and the verbs ser and estar in a class or with a Spanish speaker by going online and picking a place or person you like.  Share the image and ask the other person, describe esta persona (this person) or describe este lugar (this place).  Let them describe it.  Then it’s their turn to pick a person or place, and now you must describe it.

Independent Speaking Exercise:

  • Practice adjectives and the verbs ser and estar on your own by choosing at least 3 photos of people or places you like.  Describe each one outloud using the adjectives listed here.  Use an online dictionary if there are other adjectives you’d like to use.  

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module.

Lesson Content
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