Sooner or later in your Hungarian language-learning journey, someone will tell you lassan járj, tovább érsz. Walk slowly. You’ll go further.
They’re not wrong: learning Hungarian isn’t something to be rushed but rather enjoyed. Don’t focus on how long it takes but on the experiences that it opens the door to: understanding the pun-based jokes that Hungarians love to make, watching heart-wrenching undubbed films, drinking pálinka with your newfound Hungarian friends…
Of course, even though you’re happy to enjoy the process, it helps to start out with the best resources for learning Hungarian, from languages courses and apps to movies and vloggers. So keep reading as we look at the language-learning tools available for you, as well as how to create an effective Hungarian study plan.
Today, there are roughly 13 million native Hungarian speakers. Most of these live in Hungary, but you’ll also find Hungarian-speaking communities in neighboring countries such as Romania, Slovakia, and Serbia, as well as in the US, Canada, Israel, and other countries.
Some of these communities never actually migrated from Hungary: the nation’s borders were redrawn after World War I, meaning that up to two-thirds of the population found themselves living in a different country overnight. Other Hungarians, however, left the country fleeing Nazis, Communism, or the conflict resulting from the Hungarian Uprising.
And of course, others left out of travel lust, interest in different countries, to marry or live with their partner, pursue a career, or simply because of elvágyódás – the desire to be somewhere else.
As borders have changed and cultures have influenced each other, Hungarian has grown to include German, English, Slavic, French, Italian, and Turkish loan words.
Yet there’s no chance of mistaking Hungarian for a neighboring language.
If you were to look at a map of Europe and try to guess the Hungarian language family, you might opt for Slavic, Germanic, or Romance. After all, all the surrounding countries fit into one of these three groups.
Yet Hungarian isn’t an Indo-European language at all. It’s Uralic: a family made of Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Sami/Lapp, and several indigenous languages spoken in Northern Russia. And even then, Finnish and Estonian have far more in common with each other than they do with Hungarian.
The Hungarian language is unique in Central Europe. But why?
To answer that, we need to go back to the ninth century CE. At this point in time, Magyar tribes migrated from the Ural mountains, in what is today central Russia, and conquered the Carpathian basin, where modern-day Hungary sits (along with parts of some neighboring countries).
These tribes brought their language and culture with them. To this day, Hungarians call their language Magyar.
It’s unclear why these tribes decided to migrate the 3,000 or so kilometers to their new land. But regardless of why it happened, in 895 CE, the principality of Hungary was established. And just over a century later, in 1,000 CE, Stephen I became the first king of Hungary.
Hungarian has a reputation as a difficult language for English speakers to pick up. We disagree: we think it’s just different.
And once you get your head around some of the differences, you’ll find it’s a surprisingly accessible and fascinating language.
One of the biggest arguments for Hungarian’s difficulty is that it has over 20 cases. However, these aren’t cases like you might come across in German, where the word changes based on its grammatical function (direct object, indirect object, etc).
Instead, these cases are suffixes that take the role of prepositions. For example:
- Öt means “five”. Ötkor means “at five.”
- Három means “three.” Háromkor means “at three.”
- A ház means “the house.” A házból means “from the house,” as in “I come from the house.” A házhoz means “to the house,” as in “I go to the house.”
Of course, you still have to learn all of them – but that’s no different from learning prepositions in English, Spanish, or Japanese.
And this also has its benefits. The way suffixes are added to words in Hungarian, replacing prepositions and other grammatical functions, make it something called an agglutinative language. And agglutinative languages tend to be fairly logical with few irregular verbs.
There are also fewer verb tenses in Hungarian, although you’ll have to get a grip on definite and indefinite conjugation. If the sentence has no object, an indefinite object, or the object is in first or second person (I’d like to read/I’d like to read a book/I’d like to read something/I’d like to read you a book), you should use the indefinite conjugation. But if it’s a definite object or a third person object (I’d like to read that book/I’d like to read the book/I’d like to read him a book), then you would use the definite conjugation.
The word order can also confuse Hungarian language learners since it’s far more flexible than in English. You might even read that you can structure a Hungarian sentence in any order you like – but that’s not entirely true.
Just like in English, a neutral sentence has a core structure of subject-verb-object (“I ate the apple”). However, you can adjust this structure to emphasize the information that you can consider most important. This is tricky to pick up, with even intermediate and advanced learners making mistakes at times.
On the other hand, like in English, there is no grammatical gender. While you can say “she” as in “she drank a cup of tea,” neither the cup nor the tea will be gendered.
The pronunciation can be challenging for English speakers since some of the sounds don’t exist in the English language. Plus, slight differences in vowel sounds can change a word’s meaning. On the other hand, the spelling is phonetic and there aren’t any diphthongs.
In fact, writing in Hungarian is pretty easy. It uses an extended Latin alphabet with 44 characters in total. Most of these additional letters are due to the accented vowels, also known as diacritics (á, é, í, ó, ö, ő, ú, ü, and ű). The rest are digraphs and a trigraph, where multiple letters are combined to represent a single letter with its own corresponding sound: cs, gy, ty, dzs, and so on.
So, how difficult is Hungarian? Well, the US Foreign Service Institute (FSI) considers it a category IV language, making it easier than Japanese and Arabic; harder than Malaysian, German, and Portuguese; and roughly as difficult as most other Eastern and Central European languages.
As for us, we think that if you start learning Hungarian believing it’s impossible, you’ll always find it challenging. But if you go in with an open mind and a willingness to learn a different grammar system, you might be surprised by how quickly you pick it up.
Sometimes, the hardest thing about learning a language is finding the right study methods for you. So, let’s take a look at what and how to study.
If you’re a complete beginner, you might want to spend some time learning the slightly tricky Hungarian pronunciation. It can be a dry and boring way to start, but it will save you time later on if you immediately understand how to pronounce words. We’ve listed some great options for practicing your pronunciation in the resources section of this guide.
You’ll probably want to pick from a selection of our resources to start learning basic vocabulary and phrases, too. To begin with, you might find yourself focusing solely on memorization techniques such as flashcards.
However, when you get to the stage where you can write and understand basic sentences, you’ll have a wealth of study options available to you. Keeping a journal will let you practice grammar and vocabulary. Listening to the news, music, or podcasts will help you pick up natural phrasing as well as introducing you to different accents and dialects. Reading will expand your vocabulary. And of course, finding a language exchange partner will test your comprehension and output.
To make sure you don’t neglect a particular aspect of your studies, you might want to create a study plan. These can keep you on track and motivated, but remember that language studies aren’t one-size-fits-all. Make sure it’s a personalized Hungarian study plan based on your goals and learning style.
Start by outlining what you want to achieve: are you hoping to move to Hungary? Spend a week there? Speak Hungarian with a partner or friend? Use Hungarian for work? Keep in touch with an exchange student after they’ve left? Study Hungarian history? Watch films? Listen to music or podcasts? Read novels?
Next, work out what you’ll need in order to do that. Learning a language can be divided into areas such as reading, writing, speaking, listening, vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. You can also specialize in different types of vocabulary based on your aims. Think about the situations in which you’ll want to use Hungarian and what you might discuss.
Of course, this isn’t to say that if you want to keep in touch with a friend over social media, you should only practice reading, writing, colloquial vocabulary, and grammar – a little bit of balance in your language learning will not only help you pick things up quicker but also help you avoid a situation where you’ve been studying Hungarian for a year but panic when your friend tries to ring you.
What this does mean, however, is that you can create a study plan that gives a little extra time to writing and vocabulary – your core skill sets.
Alternatively, if you know you’ll get lots of practice through writing to your friend and you want to become a well-rounded Hungarian speaker, you might decide to work a little less on writing and spend that extra time on listening and speaking instead.
Take your learning preferences and lifestyle into account, too. If you know you have a short attention span when reading, don’t aim to practice reading with novels – opt for short stories, blog posts, or newspaper articles instead. Or, if your attention tends to fade when listening to podcasts, practice your listening through YouTube videos instead.
How much spare time do you have? It’s better to study frequently but for less time than less often but for longer periods. Try to get in the habit of doing something in Hungarian every day, or at least five days a week, so that you can more easily switch languages. If you go too long between study sessions, it’ll be harder to start thinking in Hungarian.
Celebrate small victories to keep yourself motivated. If you get frustrated by your progress, try returning to something you did just a few months ago, such as a particular TV show or a newspaper article. You’ll be surprised by how much you’ve improved, even though you don’t notice it on a daily basis.
And most importantly of all, remember that even if you struggle, that’s okay. You might speak better Hungarian some days than others, you might forget words you thought you’d memorized, and you might feel like you’ll never master the pronunciation of gy – but as long as you’re practicing regularly, you’ll get there.
As they say in Hungary, sok kicsi sokra megy. Small things add up.
HungarianPod101 is jam-packed with audio and video lessons, some of which are free. We wouldn’t recommend using it alone, but it’s a great supplementary course, especially if you want to improve your listening.
Mango Languages is well-suited to beginner- and intermediate-level learners. We like that it allows you to drill your pronunciation through recording yourself and playing that over the audio of the native speaker. There’s no limit to how many times you do this. You can find out more about our thoughts on it here.
Pimsleur also focuses on oral output and pronunciation. However, as Hungarian isn’t yet available as a subscription, the price is quite high. Read about our experience using Pimsleur to help you decide before you buy.
Glossika uses spaced repetition to help you memorize new words and phrases. You’ll practice speaking, listening, and writing. It has over 50 languages and you can study them simultaneously, so it could be a good option if you’re studying two or more languages at the same time. However, the curriculum is disordered and it can be buggy. Overall, we like it for intermediate-level speakers, although you’ll have to pair it with other resources to learn Hungarian grammar.
HungarianReference.com is a comprehensive English-language explanation of Hungarian grammar and pronunciation, and it even includes some basic word lists. There’s no way to drill or test yourself on the material, but it’s a great reference point or self-study checklist.
The Magyar-Tanulás Repository is a free 24-lesson grammar course. Each lesson has clear, easy-to-follow explanations in English and feels manageably bite-sized.
This Hungarian language course from Professor Aaron Rubin is designed for absolute beginners. It includes review sessions. If you can ignore the dated website appearance and focus on the content, it’s a useful introduction.
Hungarotips is another good choice for online courses, although the website appearance isn’t the most user-friendly. We found ourselves copying and pasting the content into Google Docs and Microsoft Word to get rid of the grainy background.
It caters for beginners through to advanced students, and combines classes with quizzes, with most of the pages suitable for beginners. You can subscribe for $22 a year to receive thrice-weekly email classes that are not posted on the website, and their 100 Common Verbs and Their Conjugation worksheet is also a handy downloadable.
Looking to improve your vocabulary? With Clozemaster, you can fill in the gaps in Hungarian sentences. We like that you can turn off the multiple-choice option to make it harder and force yourself to recall rather than merely recognize words. However, the sentences are in a random order rather than going from beginner to intermediate.
You can also use Babadum to help you practice vocabulary, although like Clozemaster, there’s no feeling of progression. Some of the images can be hard to recognise, too: we spent a lot of time puzzling over one picture – was it a pumpkin? An onion? – only to discover the answer was “peach.”
Catch Budapest has developed a $97 Hungarian Audio Course that pairs native conversations with transcripts to help you improve your listening and vocabulary. Their website also has mini-lessons, such as this one on pronunciation training.
While slightly dated, Langmedia teaches you basic Hungarian phrases for common situations through video and audio recordings.
Mondly is a cheap-and-cheerful option for drilling beginner-level vocabulary, although we’re not convinced by the one-size-fits-all approach to the languages. The Hungarian content is identical to that for Spanish, Korean, and Urdu – even if how people typically respond in these languages is different. We also feel that the syllabus is at times illogical.
Learn101 contains several word lists and recordings that you can drill. It says it offers grammar explanations, but we found them too simplistic to be useful, and the material didn’t always seem to be logically ordered. If you use it, we recommend treating it as a series of vocabulary drills.
Transparent Language is a nicely designed course but rather pricey and surprisingly dull. It gets repetitive quickly and is based on memorization, meaning you never learn how to build sentences or say anything that isn’t in the course. We think there are better options out there for Hungarian.
17 Minute Languages claims it will teach you Hungarian in 17 minutes a day through quizzes and spaced repetition, but we were put off by its poor translations, boring exercises, and non-existent explanations.
Loecsen also left us unimpressed. On paper, it looks like a great option for drilling useful vocabulary. However, we found that too many of the phrases sounded translated and didn’t reflect how native speakers talk.
50Languages is another tool for memorizing phrases and vocabulary. With 100 free online classes, there’s plenty of content – but no explanation or grammar. We don’t believe it’s the most time-efficient or engaging way to learn Hungarian, especially since you won’t practice making your own sentences.
While not full courses, several websites and blogs will help you study specific elements of Hungarian. The Pronunciation Guide has a good breakdown of the pronunciation and you can use Hunlang’s Blog: Hungarian Grammar for Beginners to look up tricky grammar. How to Learn Hungarian has vocabulary and grammar guides on their blog, while Daily Magyar shares Hungarian learning tips and vocabulary.
Memrise, Duolingo, and Drops all help you learn new words through quizzes and spaced repetition. You can also pick up some grammar from Memrise and Duolingo. While all three are similar, there are differences between them so it’s worth checking out our detailed reviews (Drops, Duolingo, Memrise) as well as our comparison of Memrise and Duolingo.
Learn Hungarian Language With Master Ling is another gamified option that works with dialogues, fill-in-the-gap exercises, flashcards, and more. However, there is no free trial option.
Alternatively, if you’re just going for a quick trip and want to memorize the important phrases, take a look at uTalk. You won’t learn any grammar or how to conjugate verbs, nor will you get the satisfaction of scoring points, but the games are highly effective at drilling words and phrases. You can also record yourself. Take a look at our review for more information.
Nemo combines a phrasebook, voice recorder, and flashcards to help you pick up the most basic words. It mostly focuses on vocabulary. While similar to uTalk, the content feels a bit lighter and easier. On the other hand, the voice recorder function makes comparing yourself to the native speaker easier.
Apple users might find the Foreign Numbers App useful. It has a fairly wide variety of games, including ones focused on math, telling the time, and listening to phone numbers.
You can add all the new words and phrases you discover to the build-your-own flashcard app Anki to practice them. We like how it adapts to the difficulty of each word. You can also use a pre-made deck, such as this one, by searching here.
The Fluent Forever Hungarian Pronunciation Trainer is an Anki-based program that will help you improve your recognition of similar Hungarian sounds. It’s particularly good for beginner and lower-intermediate learners, and it comes with a 30-day money-back guarantee. However, the Fluent Forever team has stopped providing support for it.
If you’re interested in a language exchange partner, you’ve got plenty of options. The most-used apps are HelloTalk (reviewed here), HiNative (reviewed here), Speaky (reviewed here), and Tandem (reviewed here).
If you want to learn Hungarian from a podcast, you could try HungarianPod101 (which we’ve already covered under our language courses). It has a huge number of audio clips to choose from.
Another option is the One Minute Hungarian series from Radio Lingua. Some of the lessons might be slightly longer than a minute, but they’re still manageable tea-break-sized clips.
Let’s Learn Hungarian is also designed specifically for Hungarian learners. It’s not updated very often but remains popular despite that. The blog also has some interesting entries.
When you’re ready to listen to Hungarian podcasts designed for Hungarian speakers, try SBS Hungarian. It covers news, current affairs, travel, music, literature, and more. While new episodes are rare, there’s a wealth of existing ones to choose from.
Az élet, meg minden interviews a different person in every episode, ensuring not only diversity in topics but also diversity in accents. Meanwhile, the comedy show Balázsék is a popular option that will deepen your understanding of the Hungarian sense of humour.
And history lovers might find Hihetetlen Történelem is the perfect way to practice their listening while also learning more about the recent past, inside and outside of Hungary.
Looking for more ideas? We’ve devoted a whole article to Hungarian podcasts.
Colloquial Hungarian is described as suitable for complete beginners, but most learners find it a little more challenging than other beginners’ textbooks. Despite that, the explanations are exceptionally clear.Hungarian: An Essential Grammar is a language-learners’ favorite, praised for being both easy to understand and comprehensive. Hungarian Verbs & Essentials of Grammar is also a popular option. Since they both focus on grammar, you might want to take a quick look at them in a bookshop to see which will work best for you.
While dated, you can find graded readers from the US Foreign Services Institute here, along with audio recordings for them. The first link takes a while to load but does work. Alternatively, if you don’t like reading online, you can purchase the text.
In Hungary, literature has often been a form of protest – one that has at times been censored and harshly punished. In the 1950s, many writers were imprisoned.
Perhaps this shouldn’t be surprising: Hungary’s recent history is complex, at times tragic, and key to understanding the country’s politics today. With two world wars, multiple dictators from Hitler through to Stalin, Jewish and Roma genocides, the fall of an empire, the splitting of a country, and a relatively late start for democracy in the early ‘90s, twentieth-century Hungarian writers had a lot of material to work with.
Ferenc Molnár’s A Pál utcai fiúk is a much-loved children’s classic that pre-dates the twentieth-century conflict, having been published in 1906. Even so, it explores many of the relevant themes: tribalism, patriotism, and the violence that can result from this. Intermediate-level readers could find this an accessible introduction to Hungarian fiction.
József Lengyel’s powerful stories are influenced by his first-hand experience of Soviet labor camps, having spent 18 years in them. Don’t expect him to be neutral: even if it weren’t for his inhumane treatment at the hands of the state, he was a founding member of the Hungarian Communist Party.
Nobel Prize-winner Imre Kertész’ Sorstalanság is a semi-autobiographical story about a young boy taken to Auschwitz – much to his confusion. While he’s of Jewish descendancy, he doesn’t consider himself Jewish. It’s a haunting novel that can be read alone or as part of a trilogy.
Shoes on the Danube Bank: a memorial in central Budapest that remembers the 20,000 Jews who were shot on the banks of the Danube from December 1944 to January 1945.
There’s more to Hungarian literature, however, than twentieth-century genocide. Péter Esterházy’s prize-winning Semmi művészet explores mother-son dynamics through the lens of soccer, but divides readers’ opinions thanks to its playful, postmodern style.
Magda Sazbó’s highly praised Az ajtó explores a woman’s relationship with her housekeeper. Although it sounds light, be warned: this is an intense and emotional read.
And if you like historical literature but would prefer something that doesn’t focus on the tragedies of the twentieth century, try Sándor Márai’s elegantly written A gyertyák csonkig égnek. It’s set in 1899 and focuses on friendship, loss, and the impact of our past.
There’s no shortage of Hungarian-language videos. The newly launched Indirect Hungarian Lessons teaches beginner-level Hungarian without using any English.
Hungarize has a Daily Dose series, and they’re currently planning to add new types of videos as they get more Patreon supporters.
Ester Gottschall has content for beginners right the way through to advanced learners. Hungarian with Sziszi is an infrequently updated series English-language series that looks at beginner-level Hungarian grammar, vocabulary, and more.
Once you’re at an intermediate or advanced level, you might like to follow Hungarian vloggers.
If you’re a cinephile, try Szirmai Gergely’s channel Hollywood News Agency. He’s a popular movie critic, and if you’ve already seen the movies he’s reviewing, you’ll find these videos an accessible entry-point.
When you’re ready for something a bit more challenging, take a look at Karantények. Yes, karantén is how you say quarantine in Hungarian. This project, launched in March 2020 as a response to the COVID-19 lockdowns, features several Hungarian comedians.
The black comedy Isteni Műszak will test your ability to follow Hungarian jokes. Valami Amerika is another popular, light-hearted Hungarian film, although be warned that several of the jokes come at the US’ expense.
Looking for something higher-brow? Fehér Tenyér is a hard-hitting depiction of a man recovering from the physical abuse he experienced in Communist-era Hungary. Szabadság, Szerelem focuses on the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and is a must-watch for anyone interested in recent history.
Szaffi is a popular animated film from the ‘80s about a Romani girl denied her inheritance. It’s set in the 1700s. The animated Macskafogó is another well-loved classic thanks to its witty satire and difficult-to-translate jokes that gently mock the Communist regime that was in power at the time.
Although Hungarian spelling is phonetic, if you ever have doubts about how a word is pronounced, you can look it up with Forvo, the pronunciation dictionary with more than 100,000 Hungarian entries.
As for bilingual English-Hungarian dictionaries, you have plenty of options. Freedict and Webforditas are reliable choices. Sztaki is another popular one. Bear in mind, however, that this one’s a community-based dictionary so inaccuracies might slip in. And although it also contains audio pronunciation, some users complain about the text-to-speech software.
Cooljugator and Hungarian Verb Conjugator will both conjugate Hungarian verbs for you. Combine them with the Word Suffix Colorizer (which you can view in action here) to help you recognize verb roots.
Listening to music can help you expand your vocabulary and pick up common phrasing – just make sure a phrase isn’t poetic licence before you decide to use it in conversation!
You’ll soon find that Hungarian music is often folk-influenced – but there are exceptions. Ghymes is a popular folk band, while NOX swings between folk-rock and folk-pop. However, Punnany Massif leans more toward hip hop and pop.
Péterfy Bori & Love Band is a popular group with a female lead singer, while Caramel is a male vocalist who’s had multiple albums go to number one.
If none of these artists are to your tastes, try playlists like this one to find the singers and bands that you like.
From hard-hitting novels through to language exchanges and movies, you’ll find there’s no shortage of opportunities to use Hungarian. So, what are you waiting for? Create your study plan, select your resources, and start practicing.