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Ver Conjugation Quick Guide

* Link To the best Spanish Dictionary is right here: SpanishDict *

How to conjugate Ser (to be) is right here.

The Spanish verb “ver” means “to see” in English. It is an irregular verb, which means it doesn’t follow a regular conjugation pattern. “Ver” is a highly common and versatile verb that is used in various contexts and expressions.

It’s important to note that “ver” is a transitive verb, which means it is usually followed by a direct object. In the examples above, the direct objects are “el libro” (the book), “una película” (a movie), “a nuestros amigos” (our friends), and so on.

The past participle of “ver” is “visto,” and it is used to form compound tenses such as the present perfect (“he visto,” “has visto”) or the past perfect (“había visto,” “habías visto”).

The irregularity of conjugating ver

Ver is an interesting Spanish verb, due to its unusual irregularity wherein the stem of “ver” remains the same in its irregular tenses, but there are changes in the endings. The irregularity in “ver” lies in the present tense indicative (yo veo, tú ves, él/ella/usted ve, nosotros/nosotras vemos, vosotros/vosotras veis, ellos/ellas/ustedes ven) and the imperative forms (ve, veamos, ved, vean).

It’s worth noting that the irregularity of “ver” in the present tense indicative is quite common among Spanish verbs. Many verbs exhibit similar irregularities, where the stem vowel changes in certain forms.

How to Conjugate Ver in the present tense indicative

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVeoI see
VesYou see
VosVesYou see
Él/Ella/UstedVeHe/She sees, You see
NosotrosVemosWe see
VosotrosVeisYou see
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVenThey see, You see

Some examples of how to use “ver” in sentences:

1. Ella ve una película en el cine. (She is watching a movie at the cinema.)

2. Vamos a ver a nuestros amigos. (We’re going to see our friends.)

3. Mis padres ven la televisión todas las noches. (My parents watch TV every night.)

4. ¿Ves a esa persona allí? (Do you see that person over there?)

5. Los turistas están viendo los monumentos históricos. (The tourists are visiting the historical landmarks.)

How to Conjugate Ver in the future tense indicative

In the indicative future tense, “ver” expresses the idea of seeing something that will happen or be seen in the future. It indicates an action or event that will take place after the present moment.

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVeréI will see
VerásYou will see
VosVerásYou will see
Él/Ella/UstedVeráHe/She/You will see
NosotrosVeremosWe will see
VosotrosVeréisYou will see
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVeránThey will see, You will see
  1. Mañana veré a mi familia en la reunión. (Tomorrow I will see my family at the gathering.)
  2. ¿Verás esa película en el cine? (Will you see that movie at the cinema?)
  3. Él verá los resultados de su esfuerzo. (He will see the results of his effort.)
  4. Nosotros veremos el partido de fútbol juntos. (We will watch the soccer match together.)
  5. ¿Veréis el concierto de esa banda famosa? (Will you all see the concert of that famous band?)
  6. Ellos verán los efectos del cambio climático. (They will see the effects of climate change.)

How to Conjugate Ver in the preterite tense indicative

In the indicative preterite tense, “ver” is used to describe completed actions or events that occurred in the past. It indicates that the act of seeing took place and was finished in a specific past moment or period.

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoViI saw
VisteYou saw
VosVisteYou saw
Él/Ella/UstedVioHe/She/You saw
NosotrosVimosWe saw
VosotrosVisteisYou saw
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVieronThey saw, You saw
  1. Ayer vi una película muy interesante. (Yesterday I saw a very interesting movie.)
  2. Tú viste a Juan en el supermercado. (You saw Juan at the supermarket.)
  3. Ella vio un hermoso atardecer en la playa. (She saw a beautiful sunset at the beach.)
  4. Nosotros vimos un concierto increíble anoche. (We saw an amazing concert last night.)
  5. ¿Visteis a María en la fiesta? (Did you all see María at the party?)
  6. Ellos vieron un accidente en la carretera. (They saw an accident on the road.)

How to Conjugate Ver in the imperfect tense indicative

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVeíaI saw
VeíasYou saw
VosVeíasYou saw
Él/Ella/UstedVeíaHe/She/You saw
NosotrosVeíamosWe saw
VosotrosVeíaisYou saw
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVeíanThey saw, You saw
  1. Yo veía la televisión todos los días. (I used to watch TV every day.)
  2. Tú veías a tus amigos en el parque de vez en cuando. (You used to see your friends at the park from time to time.)
  3. Él/Ella/Usted veía las estrellas por la noche. (He/She used to see the stars at night.)
  4. Nosotros/Nosotras veíamos películas los fines de semana. (We used to watch movies on weekends.)
  5. Vosotros/Vosotras veíais a vuestra abuela en verano. (You all used to see your grandmother in the summer.)
  6. Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes veían la puesta de sol en la playa cada tarde. (They/You all used to see the sunset at the beach every evening.)

How to Conjugate Ver in the conditional tense indicative

This tense is used to express hypothetical or speculative actions or events that would occur or be seen under certain conditions or in imaginary situations. It often conveys a sense of probability or uncertainty.

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVeríaI would see
VeríasYou would see
VosVeríasYou would see
Él/Ella/UstedVeríaHe/She/You would see
NosotrosVeríamosWe would see
VosotrosVeríaisYou would see
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVeríanThey would see, You would see
  1. Yo vería la película si tuviera tiempo. (I would watch the movie if I had time.)
  2. Tú verías mejor si te pusieras tus lentes. (You would see better if you put on your glasses.)
  3. Él/Ella/Usted vería el mundo de manera diferente si viajara más. (He/She would see the world differently if they traveled more.)
  4. Nosotros/Nosotras veríamos más detalles si tuviéramos binoculares. (We would see more details if we had binoculars.)
  5. Vosotros/Vosotras veríais mejor el partido si estuvierais más cerca. (You all would see the game better if you were closer.)
  6. Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes verían resultados positivos si se esforzaran más. (They/You all would see positive results if they made more effort.)

How to Conjugate Ver in the present perfect tense indicative

In the indicative perfect tense, “he visto,” “has visto,” “ha visto,” “hemos visto,” “habéis visto,” and “han visto” represent the present perfect forms of “ver.” This tense is used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past but have a connection to the present. It emphasizes the result or consequence of the action.

The Spanish indicative perfect tense is formed using the auxiliary verb “haber” in the present tense indicative, followed by the past participle of the main verb, which in this case is “ver.”

It’s important to note that the auxiliary verb “haber” is conjugated in the present tense indicative, while the past participle “visto” remains the same regardless of the subject.

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHe vistoI have seen
Has vistoYou have seen
VosHas vistoYou have seen
Él/Ella/UstedHa vistoHe/She has seen, You have seen
NosotrosHemos vistoWe have seen
VosotrosHabéis vistoYou have seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHan vistoThey have seen, You have seen

Here are some examples of the verb “ver” in the indicative perfect tense:

1. Yo he visto esa película varias veces. (I have seen that movie several times.)

2. Tú has visto cosas increíbles durante tu viaje. (You have seen incredible things during your trip.)

3. Él/Ella/Usted ha visto el nuevo edificio en construcción. (He/She/You have seen the new building under construction.)

4. Nosotros/Nosotras hemos visto cambios positivos en la ciudad. (We have seen positive changes in the city.)

5. Vosotros/Vosotras habéis visto ese programa de televisión antes. (You all have seen that TV show before.)

6. Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes han visto a sus ídolos en concierto. (They/You all have seen their idols in concert.)

How to Conjugate Ver in the future perfect tense indicative

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabré vistoI will have seen
Habrás vistoYou will have seen
VosHabrás vistoYou will have seen
Él/Ella/UstedHabrá vistoHe/She/You will have seen
NosotrosHabremos vistoWe will have seen
VosotrosHabréis vistoYou will have seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabrán vistoThey will have seen, You will have seen

The indicative future perfect tense of the verb “ver” is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “haber” followed by the past participle of “ver,” which is “visto.” Here are some examples:

1. Yo habré visto la película antes de que termine el día. (I will have seen the movie before the day is over.)

2. Tú habrás visto muchas cosas interesantes durante tu viaje. (You will have seen many interesting things during your trip.)

3. Él/Ella/Usted habrá visto el nuevo museo cuando lo inauguren. (He/She will have seen the new museum when it opens.)

4. Nosotros/Nosotras habremos visto todos los episodios de la serie para el fin de semana. (We will have seen all the episodes of the series by the weekend.)

5. Vosotros/Vosotras habréis visto esta obra de teatro varias veces. (You all will have seen this play several times.)

6. Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes habrán visto los resultados de su trabajo cuando lo entreguen. (They/You all will have seen the results of their work when they submit it.)

In the indicative future perfect tense, “habré visto,” “habrás visto,” “habrá visto,” “habremos visto,” “habréis visto,” and “habrán visto” represent the future perfect forms of “ver.” This tense is used to express actions that will be completed in the future before another specified time or event. It emphasizes the completion of an action prior to a specific future reference point.

How to Conjugate Ver in the pluperfect tense indicative

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabía vistoI had seen
Habías vistoYou had seen
VosHabías vistoYou had seen
Él/Ella/UstedHabía vistoHe/She/You had seen
NosotrosHabíamos vistoWe had seen
VosotrosHabíais vistoYou had seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabían vistoThey had seen, You had seen

The indicative pluperfect tense of the verb “ver” is formed by using the imperfect tense of the auxiliary verb “haber” followed by the past participle of “ver,” which is “visto.” Here are some examples:

1. Yo había visto esa película antes de que saliera en los cines. (I had seen that movie before it was released in theaters.)

2. Tú habías visto a Juan en la fiesta antes de que se fuera. (You had seen Juan at the party before he left.)

3. Él/Ella/Usted había visto esos lugares antes de viajar allí. (He/She had seen those places before traveling there.)

4. Nosotros/Nosotras habíamos visto esa serie completa antes de que se cancelara. (We had seen that entire series before it was canceled.)

5. Vosotros/Vosotras habíais visto a María antes de que se mudara a otro país. (You all had seen María before she moved to another country.)

6. Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes habían visto esa película varias veces antes de que ganara el premio. (They/You all had seen that movie several times before it won the award.)

In the indicative pluperfect tense, “había visto,” “habías visto,” “había visto,” “habíamos visto,” “habíais visto,” and “habían visto” represent the pluperfect forms of “ver.” This tense is used to express actions that had been completed in the past before another specified point in the past. It emphasizes the completion of an action prior to a specific past reference point.

How to Conjugate Ver in the conditional perfect tense indicative

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHabría vistoI would have seen
Habrías vistoYou would have seen
VosHabrías vistoYou would have seen
Él/Ella/UstedHabría vistoHe/She/You have seen
NosotrosHabríamos vistoWe would have seen
VosotrosHabríais vistoYou would have seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHabrían vistoThey would have seen, You would have seen

The conditional perfect tense of the verb “ver” is formed by using the conditional tense of the auxiliary verb “haber” followed by the past participle of “ver,” which is “visto.” Here are some examples:

1. Yo habría visto esa película si hubiera tenido tiempo. (I would have seen that movie if I had had time.)

2. Tú habrías visto cosas increíbles si hubieras viajado con nosotros. (You would have seen incredible things if you had traveled with us.)

3. Él/Ella/Usted habría visto el mundo de manera diferente si hubiera tenido la oportunidad. (He/She would have seen the world differently if he/she had had the opportunity.)

4. Nosotros/Nosotras habríamos visto más detalles si hubiéramos estado más cerca. (We would have seen more details if we had been closer.)

5. Vosotros/Vosotras habríais visto mejor el partido si hubierais llevado binoculares. (You all would have seen the game better if you had brought binoculars.)

6. Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes habrían visto resultados positivos si hubieran seguido las instrucciones. (They/You all would have seen positive results if they/you had followed the instructions.)

In the conditional perfect tense, “habría visto,” “habrías visto,” “habría visto,” “habríamos visto,” “habríais visto,” and “habrían visto” represent the conditional perfect forms of “ver.” This tense is used to express actions that would have been completed in the past under hypothetical or unreal conditions. It emphasizes the completion of an action that did not actually happen.

How to Conjugate Ver in the conditional perfect tense indicative

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHube vistoI saw
Hubiste vistoYou saw
VosHubiste vistoYou saw
Él/Ella/UstedHubo vistoHe/She/You saw
NosotrosHubimos vistoWe saw
VosotrosHubisteis vistoYou saw
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieron vistoThey saw, You saw

A more literal translation of the conditional perfect would be along the lines of “I have seen…” but that doesn’t sound very natural in English, which is why the simple past is used here instead.

The preterite perfect doesn’t sound very natural in modern spoken Spanish either, and so you will mostly encounter it in literary texts.

The verb “ver” in the preterite perfect tense is “he visto” (I have seen), which is formed by using the present indicative of the auxiliary verb “haber” (he) followed by the past participle of “ver” (visto).

The preterite perfect tense is a compound tense used to express completed actions that have occurred before the present moment. It emphasizes the result or consequence of the action. Here are some examples using “ver” in the preterite perfect tense:

– He visto esa película varias veces. (I have seen that movie several times.)

– ¿Has visto a Juan hoy? (Have you seen Juan today?)

– Ella ha visto lugares increíbles durante su viaje. (She has seen incredible places during her trip.)

– Hemos visto muchas obras de arte en ese museo. (We have seen many works of art in that museum.)

– ¿Habéis visto ese nuevo edificio en la ciudad? (Have you all seen that new building in the city?)

– Ellos han visto el espectáculo de fuegos artificiales. (They have seen the fireworks show.)

In the preterite perfect tense, “he visto,” “has visto,” “ha visto,” “hemos visto,” “habéis visto,” and “han visto” represent the conjugated forms of “ver” in this tense. It is important to note that the past participle of “ver” remains the same regardless of the subject, which is “visto” in this case.

How to Conjugate Ver in the present tense subjunctive

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoVeaI see
VeasYou see
VosVeasYou see
Él/Ella/UstedVeaHe/She sees, You see
NosotrosVeamosWe see
VosotrosVeáisYou see
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVean They see, You see

The present subjunctive form of the verb “ver” in Spanish is used to express doubt, uncertainty, desires, recommendations, or hypothetical situations.

Here are some examples of the verb “ver” in the present subjunctive:

1. Espero que veas la verdad. (I hope you see the truth.)

2. Quiero que él vea lo hermoso que es este lugar. (I want him to see how beautiful this place is.)

3. Es importante que veamos más allá de las apariencias. (It’s important that we see beyond appearances.)

4. Recomiendo que vosotros veáis esa película. (I recommend that you all see that movie.)

5. Esperamos que ellos vean la importancia de su contribución. (We hope they see the importance of their contribution.)

6. Ojalá que ustedes vean cumplidos sus sueños. (I hope you all see your dreams come true.)

In the present subjunctive, “vea,” “veas,” “vea,” “veamos,” “veáis,” and “vean” are the conjugated forms of “ver.” The subjunctive mood introduces subjective and non-factual actions or ideas. It is often used in dependent clauses after certain expressions, such as hopes, desires, recommendations, and doubts.

How to Conjugate Ver in the future tense subjunctive

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoViereI see
VieresYou see
VosVieresYou see
Él/Ella/UstedViereHe/She sees, You see
NosotrosViéremosWe see
VosotrosViereisYou see
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVierenThey see, You see

The future subjunctive tense is not commonly used in modern Spanish. While the future subjunctive exists in Spanish, it has largely fallen out of use and is considered archaic. As a result, it is not typically taught or used in contemporary Spanish conversation or writing.

In its place, the present subjunctive is often used to express future actions or possibilities. Therefore, when expressing future hypothetical situations or desires, it is more common to use the present subjunctive with appropriate temporal markers or conjunctions.

For example:

– Espero que veas la película mañana vs Espero que vieres la película mañana (I hope you see the movie tomorrow.)

– Deseo que él vea el nuevo año con alegría vs Deseo que él viere el nuevo año con alegría. (I wish for him to see the new year with joy.)

– Quiero que veamos nuevas oportunidades en el futuro vs Quiero que viéremos nuevas oportunidades en el futuro. (I want us to see new opportunities in the future.)

Remember that the present subjunctive can be used in a wide range of contexts to express doubt, desires, recommendations, or hypothetical situations, including those that refer to future events or possibilities.

How to Conjugate Ver in the imperfect tense subjunctive

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoViera/ VieseI saw
Vieras/ ViesesYou saw
VosVieras/ ViesesYou saw
Él/Ella/UstedViera/ VieseHe/She/You saw
NosotrosViéramos/ ViésemosWe saw
VosotrosVierais/ VieseisYou saw
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesVieran/ ViesenThey saw, You saw

The imperfect subjunctive of the verb “ver” is used to express doubt, desires, hypothetical situations, or actions that are uncertain or contrary to reality in the past.

There are two conjugations of the verb “ver” in the imperfect subjunctive. In our chart, the first form is the most common form, and the second is called the “viera” form. Both “viera” and “viese” are accepted forms and can be used interchangeably. The choice between them is a matter of personal preference or regional variation.

1. Quería que vieras lo que yo veía en ese momento. (I wanted you to see what I was seeing at that moment.)

2. Esperaba que él viera la verdad en sus propios ojos. (I hoped he would see the truth with his own eyes.)

3. Era posible que nosotros viéramos algo extraordinario durante nuestro viaje. (It was possible that we would see something extraordinary during our trip.)

4. Deseábamos que vosotros vierais la belleza de aquel paisaje. (We wished for you all to see the beauty of that landscape.)

5. Ellos preferían que todos vieran las cosas desde su perspectiva. (They preferred that everyone would see things from their perspective.)

6. Sería fantástico si ustedes vieran el mundo como lo veíamos nosotros en aquel entonces. (It would be fantastic if you all saw the world as we saw it back then.)

In the imperfect subjunctive, “viera,” “vieras,” “viera,” “viéramos,” “vierais,” and “vieran” (or “viese,” “vieses,” “viese,” “viésemos,” “vieseis,” “viesen” for the -se form) are the conjugated forms of “ver.” The imperfect subjunctive is used to convey actions or situations that are uncertain, doubtful, or contrary to reality in the past.

How to Conjugate Ver in the perfect tense subjunctive

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHaya vistoI have seen
Hayas vistoYou have seen
VosHayas vistoYou have seen
Él/Ella/UstedHaya vistoHe/She has seen, You have seen
NosotrosHayamos vistoWe have seen
VosotrosHayáis vistoYou have seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHayan vistoThey have seen, You have seen

The perfect subjunctive of the verb “ver” in Spanish is formed using the present subjunctive of the auxiliary verb “haber” followed by the past participle of “ver,” which is “visto.”

Here are some examples of the verb “ver” in the perfect subjunctive:

1. Espero que hayas visto esa película. (I hope you have seen that movie.)

2. Ojalá que él haya visto la exposición de arte. (I hope he has seen the art exhibition.)

3. Dudo que ella haya visto al nuevo cantante en concierto. (I doubt she has seen the new singer in concert.)

4. Es posible que nosotros hayamos visto la aurora boreal en nuestro viaje. (It’s possible that we have seen the Northern Lights on our trip.)

5. Me alegra que vosotros hayáis visto ese increíble monumento. (I’m glad you all have seen that amazing monument.)

6. Esperamos que ellos hayan visto el resultado de su trabajo. (We hope they have seen the result of their work.)

In the perfect subjunctive, “haya visto,” “hayas visto,” “haya visto,” “hayamos visto,” “hayáis visto,” and “hayan visto” represent the conjugated forms of “ver.” The perfect subjunctive is used to express actions or states that have occurred or been completed before a certain point in the present or past, often in relation to desires, doubts, or hypothetical situations.

How to Conjugate Ver in the future perfect subjunctive

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHubiere vistoI have seen
Hubieres vistoYou have seen
VosHubieres vistoYou have seen
Él/Ella/UstedHubiere vistoHe/She has seen, You have seen
NosotrosHubiéremos vistoWe have seen
VosotrosHubiereis vistoYou have seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieren vistoThey have seen, You have seen

The future perfect subjunctive is not a commonly used tense in modern Spanish. It is considered an extremely rare or archaic form that is not part of everyday language or contemporary Spanish grammar.

Instead, the present perfect subjunctive is commonly used to express actions or situations that occurred before a certain point in the present or past. The present perfect subjunctive is formed using the present subjunctive of the auxiliary verb “haber” followed by the past participle of the main verb.

For example, to express “I hope you have seen that movie,” you would use the present perfect subjunctive (Espero que hayas visto esa película) rather than “Espero que hubieres visto esa película.”

The present perfect subjunctive is widely used to convey similar meanings to what would be expressed with the future perfect subjunctive in other languages. It indicates actions that have been completed in relation to a specific point in time or a future hypothetical situation.

How to Conjugate Ver in the pluperfect subjunctive

PronounVer ConjugationEnglish Meaning
YoHubiera/ Hubiese vistoI had seen
Hubieras/ Hubieses vistoYou had seen
VosHubieras/ Hubieses vistoYou had seen
Él/Ella/UstedHubiera/ Hubiese vistoHe/She/You had seen
NosotrosHubiéramos/ Hubiésemos vistoWe had seen
VosotrosHubierais/ Hubieseis vistoYou had seen
Ellos/Ellas/ UstedesHubieran/ Hubiesen vistoThey had seen, You had seen

The pluperfect subjunctive is not commonly used in modern Spanish. It is considered an extremely rare or archaic form that is not part of everyday language or contemporary Spanish grammar.

Instead, the imperfect subjunctive is used to express actions or situations that occurred before a certain point in the past.

For example, to express “I wish you had seen that movie,” you would use the imperfect subjunctive “Ojalá hubieras visto esa película.”

How to Conjugate Ver in the imperative

PronounVer Conjugation (Affirmative)Ver Conjugation (Negative)English Meaning
¡Ve!¡No veas!See/Don’t see!
Vos¡Ve!¡No veas!See/Don’t see!
Él/Ella/Usted¡Vea!¡No vea!See/Don’t see!
Nosotros¡Veamos!¡No veamos!See/Don’t see!
Vosotros¡Ved!¡No veáis!See/Don’t see!
Ellos/Ellas/ Ustedes¡Vean!¡No vean!See/Don’t see!

The imperative mood is used to give a command, and so it is not common to find ver used in the imperative.

How to use the verb ver

“Ver” is not only used to talk about visual perception but can also be used in other contexts, such as understanding, observing, or experiencing something. It can also be used in idiomatic expressions and common phrases, such as “ver la luz” (to see the light, to understand), “ver para creer” (seeing is believing), or “a ver” (let’s see).

Overall, “ver” is a fundamental verb in Spanish and is used in a wide range of situations to convey the act of seeing or perceiving visually.

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