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Learning the present progressive

Learning the present progressive tense

Learning Objectives 

  • Learn how to form the present progressive using the verb ESTAR and the present participle.  
  • Recognize how to change a verb into its present participle verb using the endings -ANDO and -IENDO, and learn irregular and stem-changing participles. 
  • Be able to use the present progressive to respond to the question QUÉ ESTÁS HACIENDO and talk about actions that are going on right now.
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Key Words & Phrases

  • ¿Qué estás haciendo? 
    • Estoy leyendo un libro en el estudio. 
  • ¿Qué están haciendo ellos? 
    • Están sirviendo la comida a los invitados. 
  • ¿Qué están haciendo ustedes? 
    • Estamos comiendo pizza y viendo televisión en la sala. 
  • ¿Qué está haciendo el niño?  
    • Está jugando con sus amigos en el pasillo.


Spanish Present Progressive Tense


Using one of the recommended resources to get writing feedback, respond to the prompt below.

¿Qué están haciendo las diferentes personas en estas fotos? 

Using one of the platforms for finding a tutor or language exchange partner, practice the speaking activities below.

Partner Speaking Exercise:

Practice present progressive tense and present participles by playing a game of charades with a partner(s). Act out an action in progress and then guess the action using the correct present participle (act out “dancing” → bailando). Then use it correctly in a sentence (estamos bailando). Each player takes a turn acting out an action. Play until you reach ten different verbs. Use the examples at the bottom of this page to get ideas if necessary.

Independent Speaking Exercise:

Practice the present progressive tense by describing different actions you might be doing around the house if someone were to call you on the phone. Use this page to get ideas of common verbs used in the present progressive. Do ten examples aloud, and then practice conjugating at least three of them for every person (estoy limpiando, estás limpiando, está limpando etc.)

You can find instructions and a download link in our flashcards module.

Lesson Content
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